Habitat and local
* Well-adapted to alkaline
soils, wind, and a wide range of temperatures;
typically found along waterways.
* Excludes other plants from
growing underneath, due to salt deposited from
* Aggressive root system depletes ground water
needed by native species.
Prevention and Control
* Plant natives or spread
native seed in disturbed areas.
* Search threatened areas regularly (at least
annually) to look for newly arrived plants.
General control notes
* Difficult to eradicate
since species spreads rapidly and usually
resprouts after treatment. Follow-up monitoring
to treat resprouts essential (Lovich 2000).
Manual or mechanical control
* Root plowing and cutting—useful for initial
removal of heavy infestations; follow-up
application of herbicides by a licensed
pesticide applicator is suggested to treat resprouting.
* Estimated costs: vary depending on if
volunteers conduct removal and on the plant
density; equipment costs range may from $100 to
over $1,000. There may be
additional fees for disposal of plant material.
* Pulling by hand—uprooting of seedlings and
* Prescribed burning is useful to reduce biomass
prior to other treatments. (check your local air
control district and fire department for
* Flooding can be effective when thickets are
flooded for one to two years.
* Biological control
agents—USDA currently testing several insect
species from other countries for release in
* Grazing—cattle grazing can reduce amounts of
Contact a licensed
pesticide applicator if you would like to
control any weeds chemically.
MANAGEMENT IN HOME LANDSCAPES
Prevention is the best
management strategy for avoiding problems with
salt cedar in and around home landscapes. If
salt cedar is found
growing in landscaped areas, immediately pull
the plant before it can spread. Pulling plants
(try to remove as much of the root as possible)
is an effective way of controlling a few
scattered plants growing within landscaped
MANAGEMENT IN PASTURES,
RANGELAND, RIGHTS-OF-WAY, AND CROPS
Established salt cedar populations are difficult to control
and require multiple years of intensive
management. Removing all woody material is
essential as the plant can resprout from twigs. A
management program should include prevention,
monitoring, and treatment of small satellite
populations before plants develop extensive
roots. Make sure root fragments and seed are not
transported to other sites. Always clean
vehicles, machinery, and clothing after visiting
References and more
Carpenter, A.T. 1999. Element
Stewardship Abstract for Tamarix ramosissima
Ledebour , Tamarix pentndra Pallas, Tamarix
chinensis Loureiro, Tamarix parviflora De
Candolle, salt cedar, tamarisk. The Nature
Conservancy, Wildland Invasive Species Team.
Arlington, VA. Available at
DeLoach, C.J. 1997.
Biological control of weeds in the United States
and Canada . In: Luken, J.O and J.W. Thieret
(eds.). Assessment and Management of Plant
Invasions. Springer-Verlag , New York , NY.
Gary, H.L. 1960. Utilization
of five-stamen tamarisk by cattle. Rocky
Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station.
Research Notes. 51:1-3.
Gibbons, M.V., M.G.
Rosenkranz, H.L. Gibbons, Jr., and M.D. Sytsma.
1999. Guide for Developing Integrated Aquatic
Vegetation Management in Oregon. Center for
Lakes and Reservoirs, Portland State University,
Lovich, J. 2000. Tamarix spp.
In Invasive Plants of California Wildlands.
Carla C. Bossard, John M. Randall, Marc C.
Hoshovsky, Editors. University of California
Press. Available at
Martin, T. 2001. A Success Story: Tamarisk
Control at a Coachella Valley Preserve, Southern
California. The Nature
Conservancy, Wildland Invasive Species Program.